Reviews: Review ArticlesRestarting Orthopaedic Care in a Pandemic: Ethical Framework and Case ExamplesHumbyrd, Casey Jo MD, MBE; Dunham, Alexandra M. MD; Xu, Amy L. BS; Rieder, Travis N. PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Humbyrd and Dunham), Berman Institute of Bioethics (Humbyrd and Rieder), and School of Medicine (Xu), The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD. Humbyrd or an immediate family member serves as member-at-large on the AOFAS Board and member of the AAOS Committee on Ethics and Outside Interests. Dunham reports grants from the National Institutes of Health during the conduct of this study. Neither of the following authors nor any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Xu and Rieder. This study was supported by the National Institutes of Health (grant T32 AR067708 to A.M.D.). Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: January 15, 2021 - Volume 29 - Issue 2 - p e72-e78 doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-20-00871 Metrics Abstract The question about how to resume typical orthopaedic care during a pandemic, such as coronavirus disease 2019, should be framed not only as a logistic or safety question but also as an ethical question. The current published guidelines from surgical societies do not explicitly address ethical dilemmas, such as why public health ethics requires a cessation of nonemergency surgery or how to fairly allocate limited resources for delayed surgical care. We propose ethical guidance for the resumption of care on the basis of public health ethics with a focus on clinical equipoise, triage tiers, and flexibility. We then provide orthopaedic surgery examples to guide physicians in the ethical resumption of care. Copyright 2020 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.