This systematic review analyzes the literature on the treatment of geriatric hip fractures by a multidisciplinary hip fracture service including geriatricians/internists and orthopaedic surgeons and what impact this has on patient outcomes.
A systematic review of several databases was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Studies comparing an orthopaedic-led care model versus a coordinated orthogeriatrics care model or a geriatrics-led care model to treat hip fractures with reported outcomes for time to surgery, length of stay, readmission rates, and postoperative mortality were included.
Seventeen articles fitting the inclusion criteria were included. Differences between the results of an orthopaedic-led care model versus a coordinated orthogeriatrics care model or a geriatrics-led care model were assessed using chi-squared tests. With patients admitted under a coordinated orthogeriatrics care model or a geriatrics-led care model, there is a statistically significant decrease in time to surgery (P
= 0.045), length of stay (P
= 0.0036), and postoperative mortality rates (P
Although a heterogeneous group of studies, the aggregate data from several studies using an orthogeriatrics care model or a geriatrics-led care model trend toward improvements across several clinical and cost-related outcome measures: decreased time to surgery, shorter length of stay, improved postoperative clinical outcomes, decreased mortality, and lower cost.