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Challenges to Orthopaedic Resident Education

LaPorte, Dawn M., MD; Tornetta, Paul, MD; Marsh, J. Lawrence, MD

JAAOS - Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: June 15, 2019 - Volume 27 - Issue 12 - p 419–425
doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00084
Review Article

Orthopaedic resident educators confront many important issues. This may be the most challenging time yet for orthopaedic education. A survey of program directors and chairs aimed to identify the major challenges in orthopaedic education. Many issues were identified, and the following four major themes emerged: (1) loss of professionalism, (2) too much emphasis on procedures, (3) lack of clinical experience, and (4) challenges with external oversight. Professionalism in taking care of patients may be compromised by work-hour limitations and affected by generational differences. Limitations to progressive, graduated responsibility include internal and external factors, resulting in a lack of opportunity. Overemphasis on case volume fosters a training environment where technical skill is seen as most important and can detract from teaching the basic principles of being a doctor, including shared decision making. This paper explores these major challenges to orthopaedic resident education in 2018. Substantial changes will be required to address these challenges, but better understanding of the issues they face should help educators identify, minimize, or ideally avoid threats to optimal resident education.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. LaPorte), The Johns Hopkins University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. Tornetta), Boston University, Boston, MA, and Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation (Dr. Marsh), University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA.

Dr. LaPorte or an immediate family member serves as a board member, owner, officer, or committee member of the American Orthopaedic Association, American Society for Surgery of the Hand, and Ruth Jackson Orthopaedic Society. Dr. Tornetta or an immediate family member has received IP royalties from Smith & Nephew. Dr. Marsh or an immediate family member has received IP royalties from Zimmer Biomet and Tornier; has stock or stock options held in FxRedux; and serves as a board member, owner, officer, or committee member of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inc.

© 2019 by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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