Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the orthopaedic literature largely focuses on lower extremity trauma and arthroplasty, with relatively few investigations of VTE after shoulder surgery. Because the rate of shoulder surgery, especially arthroplasty, continues to expand, it is important for practicing surgeons to understand the magnitude of risk, potential consequences, and prevention methods with regard to VTE. VTE after shoulder surgery has been a topic of increasing interest over the past decade, and the purpose of this review is to examine the recent literature on pathophysiology, risk factors, incidence, diagnosis, sequelae, prevention, treatment, and current recommendations regarding VTE after shoulder surgery.
From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.
Dr. J. M. Wiater or an immediate family member has received royalties from Smith & Nephew; is a member of a speakers' bureau or has made paid presentations on behalf of Zimmer Biomet; serves as a paid consultant to Catalyst OrthoScience; has stock or stock options held in Catalyst OrthoScience, Coracoid Solutions, Hoolux Medical, and Mprink; and has received research or institutional support from Zimmer Biomet and DJ Orthopaedics. None of the following authors or any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Dr. Rapp, Dr. Shields, and Dr. B. P. Wiater.