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Alignment and Balance Methods in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Jaffe, William L., MD; Dundon, John M., MD; Camus, Tristan, MD

JAAOS - Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: October 15, 2018 - Volume 26 - Issue 20 - p 709–716
doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00428
Review Article

Total knee arthroplasty is one of the most commonly performed orthopaedic surgical procedures in the United States. Primary concepts in the surgical technique include restoring limb alignment and soft-tissue balance about the knee. Currently, traditional mechanical alignment concepts that focus on restoring neutral limb alignment have been challenged by the principle of kinematic alignment. In addition to these recent philosophical challenges, new technologies have been introduced to help the surgeon more accurately achieve optimal limb alignment and soft-tissue balance.

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (Dr. Jaffe), Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, Moristown, NJ (Dr. Dundon), and Vancouver, BC Canada (Dr. Camus).

Dr. Jaffe or an immediate family member serves as a paid consultant to and has received research or institutional support from Stryker. Neither of the following authors nor any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Dr. Dundon and Dr. Camus.

© 2018 by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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