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Comprehensive Review of Skiing and Snowboarding Injuries

Owens, Brett D. MD; Nacca, Christopher MD; Harris, Andrew P. MD; Feller, Ross J. MD

JAAOS - Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: January 1, 2018 - Volume 26 - Issue 1 - p e1–e10
doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00832
Review Article

Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete’s expertise level, and equipment design. Controversy exists about the effectiveness of knee bracing and wrist guards in reducing the incidence of these injuries. Understanding these injury patterns, proper training, and the use of injury prevention measures, such as protective equipment, may reduce the overall incidence of these potentially debilitating injuries.

From Lifespan and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.

Dr. Owens or an immediate family member serves as a paid consultant to CONMED, DePuy Synthes Mitek Sports Medicine, and the Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation; has received research or institutional support from Histogenics; and serves as a board member, owner, officer, or committee member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the American Orthopaedic Association, the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, and the Arthroscopy Association of North America. None of the following authors or any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Dr. Nacca, Dr. Harris, and Dr. Feller.

Received November 04, 2016

Accepted August 13, 2017

© 2018 by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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