Teaching models provide a systemic framework for didactic and clinical teaching. The One-Minute Preceptor (OMP) is one teaching model, providing five microskills to organize a learning experience for students in the clinical environment. This review aims to integrate the literature on the OMP model by highlighting potential use for nurse practitioners while identifying directions for future research.
Electronic databases were searched from December 2017 to January 2018 for articles published in English. The databases included PubMed, CINAHL, and MEDLINE using terms including “preceptor,” “clinical teaching,” “time-efficient teaching,” and “precepting.” Of 32 articles in the final search, only 12 experimental quantitative studies were included in the synthesis and 20 descriptive studies in the discussion.
The OMP model is supported by literature for its effectiveness as a teaching model and preference by students and preceptors. It has been shown to increase teaching techniques including feedback and assessment of students' clinical reasoning.
The OMP model has the potential to overcome clinicians' barriers to precepting nurse practitioner students. Future research may evaluate the use of this model specific to nurse practitioner preceptors and students, perceived time benefits in clinical teaching, overall improvement in clinical teaching, and use in interprofessional precepting.
1Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California San Francisco, School of Nursing, San Francisco, California,
2Clinical Health System & Analytics Division, Duke University, School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina
Correspondence: Elizabeth Gatewood, FNP-C, RN-BC, MS, University of California San Francisco, School of Nursing, 2 Koret Way, N411N, San Francisco, CA, 94143. Tel: 415-476-9493; Fax: 415-753-2161; E-mail: email@example.com
Competing interests: The authors report no conflicts of interest.
Authors' Contributions: E. Gatewood and J. C. De Gagne planned and completed this integrative review and all authors participated in drafting the first version of the manuscript. All authors revised the manuscript collaboratively.
Received March 27, 2018
Received in revised form June 11, 2018
Accepted June 12, 2018