Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Political advocacy and practice barriers: A survey of Florida APRNs

Kung, Ying Mai DNP, MN, MPH, FNP-BC1,a; Lugo, Nancy Rudner DrPH, MPH, MSN, APRN2,b

Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners: March 2015 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 - p 145–151
doi: 10.1002/2327-6924.12142

Purpose: This study examined factors aligned with advocacy among advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) by examining the relationships among demographics, years of RN and APRN experience, education levels, affiliations with professional organizations, perceptions of barriers to practice, political activism, and willingness to speak to the media.

Data sources: This was a secondary analysis of online survey data (N = 884) from APRNs in Florida. All APRNs with an e-mail address with the state nursing board or a Florida Coalition of Advanced Practice Nurses' membership organization received an e-mail requesting their participation to the survey.

Conclusions: Having a high educational level and involvement in a professional organization are each individually statistically associated with perceiving practice barriers, engaging in political activism, and willingness to speak with media. Emerging nurse leaders need an understanding of policy issues, an appreciation of the potential of the profession, and enhanced advocacy skills.

Implications for practice: To address the nation's health needs, APRNs need to recognize practice barriers, develop advocacy skills, and take action for policy changes to enhance the legal authority to practice to full extent of APRNs' education and training.

a(Associate-In-Nursing Faculty)

b(Nurse Practitioner)

1College of Nursing, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida,

2HealthAction Employee Health Coaching and Health Consulting, Orlando, Florida

Received: 29 September 2012; accepted 13 April 2013


Ying Mai Kung, DNP, MN, MPH, FNP-BC, College of Nursing, Florida State University, 443 Vivian M. Duxbury Hall, 98 Varsity Way, P.O. Box 3064310, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4310. Tel: 850-644-5105; Fax: 850-644-7660; E-mail:

© 2015 American Association of Nurse Practitioners
You currently do not have access to this article

To access this article:

Note: If your society membership provides full-access, you may need to login on your society website