Infants & Young Children

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​Instructions for Authors

Purpose of the Journal

Infants & Young Children is an interdisciplinary journal focusing on children with disabilities or at risk for disability from birth to five years of age and their families. Of special interest are articles involving innovative interventions, summaries of important research developments and their implications for practice, updates for high priority topic areas, balanced presentations of controversial issues, and articles that address issues involving policy, professional training, new conceptual models, and empirical studies. 

Submitting Manuscripts
Authors should submit manuscripts online at Correspondence regarding publication should be addressed to Mary Beth Bruder, Ph.D., Professor & Director, University of Connecticut A. J. Pappanikou Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities in Education, Research at [email protected].

Conflicts of interest
Authors must state all possible conflicts of interest in the title page of the manuscript, including financial, consultant, institutional and other relationships that might lead to bias or a conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, this should also be explicitly stated as none declared. All sources of funding should be acknowledged in the title page of the manuscript. All relevant conflicts of interest and sources of funding should be included on the title page of the manuscript with the heading “Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding:”.

For example:
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: A has received honoraria from Company Z. B is currently receiving a grant (#12345) from Organization Y, and is on the speaker’s bureau for Organization X – the CME organizers for Company A. For the remaining authors none were declared.

In addition, each author must complete and submit the journal’s co​pyright transfer and disclosure agreement, which includes a section on the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest based on the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.”  

  • Each author must complete the form electronically for the IYC Editorial Manager site.
  • The WK Copyright Transfer and Disclosure Form is completed by corresponding authors on the ‘Additional Information’ submission step in EM.
  • Upon initial submission, the co-authors of the submission are emailed a hyperlink via which they will verify their co-authorship and complete the WK Copyright Transfer and Disclosure Form within EM. These users are not required to register for an account in EM and no new accounts are created for them; rather, they are completing a form that is tied to the submission record..
  • Each author will be expected to complete the copyright transfer agreement form electronically.

Style and Organization of Manuscript

  • Manuscripts should be double spaced (including quotations, lists, references, footnotes, figure captions, and all parts of tables). The length of the manuscript should be a maximum of 25 double-spaced pages plus references, tables, figures.
  • Manuscripts should be ordered as follows: title page, abstract, text, references, appendices, tables, and any figures. A separate figure caption page should be included.
  • Title page including (1) title of the article, (2) author names, lead author first (include highest academic degrees for all authors) and affiliations (including titles, departments, and name and location of institutions of primary employment), and (3) any acknowledgments, credits, or disclaimers.
    The title page must also include disclosure of funding received for this work from any of the following organizations: National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI); and other(s).
  • The abstract should be 200 words or less describing the main points of the article. Also include up to 10 key words that describe the contents of the article like those that appear in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) or the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).
  • IYC uses the 7th edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) manual for format and style. The website for the 7th edition is


  • References must be cited in text and styled in the reference list according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) (see examples below).
  • References should not be created using Microsoft Word's automatic footnote/endnote feature.

Here are some examples of correctly styled reference entries:

Journal Article:
Bekerian, D. A. (1993). In search of the typical eyewitness. American Psychologist, 48, 574-576.

Cone, J.D., & Foster, S. L. (1993). Dissertations and theses from start to finish: Psychology and related fields. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Chapter in an Edited Book:
Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

For multiple authors in journals and books:

  • If seven or fewer, list all authors.
  • If more than seven authors, the first six authors are listed; all subsequent authors except the last are omitted and replaced with an ellipsis; and then the name of the last author is listed.

A) Creating Digital Artwork

  1. Learn about the publication requirements for Digital Artwork:  
  2. Create, Scan and Save your artwork  and compare your final figure to the Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist (below).
  3. Upload each figure to Editorial Manager in conjunction with your manuscript text and tables.

B)  Digital Artwork Guideline Checklist

Here are the basics to have in place before submitting your digital artwork:

  • Artwork  should be saved as TIFF, EPS, or MS Office (DOC, PPT, XLS) files. High resolution PDF files are also acceptable.
  • Crop out any white or black space surrounding the image.
  • Diagrams, drawings, graphs, and other line art must be vector or saved at a resolution of at least 1200 dpi. If created in an MS Office program, send the native (DOC, PPT, XLS)  file.
  • Photographs, radiographs and other halftone images must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 dpi.
  • Photographs and radiographs with text must be saved as postscript or at a resolution of at least 600 dpi.
  • Each figure must be saved  and submitted as a separate file. Figures should not be embedded in the manuscript text file.


  • Cite figures consecutively in your manuscript.
  • Number figures in the figure legend in the order in which they are discussed.
  • Upload figures consecutively to the Editorial Manager web site and enter figure numbers consecutively in the Description field when uploading the files.

Tables should be on a separate page at the end of the manuscript.

Supplemental Digital Content

Authors may submit SDC via Editorial Manager to LWW journals that enhance their article’s text to be considered for online posting.  SDC may include standard media such as text documents, graphs, audio, video, etc.  On the Attach Files page of the submission process, please select Supplemental Audio, Video, or Data for your uploaded file as the Submission Item.  If an article with SDC is accepted, our production staff will create a URL with the SDC file.  The URL will be placed in the call-out within the article.  SDC files are not copy-edited by LWW staff, they will be presented digitally as submitted.  For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit

SDC Call-outs

Supplemental Digital Content must be cited consecutively in the text of the submitted manuscript.  Citations should include the type of material submitted (Audio, Figure, Table, etc.), be clearly labeled as “Supplemental Digital Content,” include the sequential list number, and provide a description of the supplemental content.  All descriptive text should be included in the call-out as it will not appear elsewhere in the article.


We performed many tests on the degrees of flexibility in the elbow (see Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, which demonstrates elbow flexibility) and found our results inconclusive.

List of Supplemental Digital Content

A listing of Supplemental Digital Content must be submitted at the end of the manuscript file.  Include the SDC number and file type of the Supplemental Digital Content.  This text will be removed by our production staff and not be published.


Supplemental Digital Content 1.  wmv

SDC File Requirements

All acceptable file types are permissible up to 10 MBs.  For audio or video files greater than 10 MBs, authors should first query the journal office for approval.  For a list of all available file types and detailed instructions, please visit

Authors are responsible for obtaining signed letters from copyright holders granting permission to reprint material being borrowed or adapted from other sources, including previously published material of your own. Please ask for forms if needed.

Open Access

LWW’s Hybrid Open Access option is now available on Infants and Young Children! Open Access gives all readers, including those who do not subscribe to IYC, the free, immediate, full-text use of digital scientific and scholarly material.  Articles opting for hybrid Open Access will be freely available to read, download and share from the time of publication.  This option allows for an extended reach of your article and it promotes the exchange and advancement of ideas and research findings.

This Open Access option is offered to authors whose articles have been accepted for publication.  With this choice, authors of accepted peer-reviewed articles have the choice to pay a fee to allow perpetual unrestricted online access to their published article to readers globally, immediately upon publication. The two tiers of article processing charges for IYC can be found here: The publication fee is charged on acceptance of the article and should be paid within 30 days by credit card by the author, funding agency or institution.  Payment must be received in full for the article to be published open access. All articles are subject to the journal’s standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

LWW’s hybrid Open Access publishing offers authors, institutions, research funding agencies and others high-quality publishing services including:
• Innovative publishing platform from Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
• Global distribution of freely available, quality open access research on our journals platform
• Article deposit in PubMed Central
• Rapid publication
• Rigorous peer review
• High-quality editorial services and support
• Compliance with federal funding mandates such as NIH, RCUK, and Wellcome Trust

For more information on Open Access, read the LWW Open Access FAQ or consult the Open Access page,

Compliance with NIH and Other Research Funding Agency Accessibility Requirements
A number of research funding agencies now require or request authors to submit the post-print (the article after peer review and acceptance but not the final published article) to a repository that is accessible online by all without charge. As a service to our authors, LWW will identify to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) articles that require deposit and will transmit the post-print of an article based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or other funding agencies to PubMed Central. The revised Copyright Transfer Agreement provides the mechanism.