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Effects of Cumulative Adversity on Preschool Self-Regulation and Student–Teacher Relationships in a Highly Dense Hispanic Community

A Pilot Study

Loomis, Alysse M. LCSW; Mogro-Wilson, Cristina PhD

doi: 10.1097/IYC.0000000000000139
Original Research/Study

Young Hispanic children make up an increasing percentage of children enrolled in preschools; however, little is known about the effects of adversity on their preschool outcomes. This pilot study uses descriptive, correlational, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses to explore the relationship between cumulative adversity, teacher-rated and observed measures of self-regulation, and student–teacher conflict in a predominately Hispanic preschool sample. More than 50% of preschoolers in the study had experienced at least one type of adversity. Results suggest that preschooler's exposure to cumulative adversities may negatively predict both teacher-rated child self-regulation and the student–teacher relationship, indicating that early adversity negatively impacts children's socioemotional skills as well as their relationships with their teachers. This pilot study supports the need for future research expanding on the role of adversity in the preschool context, particularly for Hispanic children.

University of Connecticut School of Social Work, Hartford.

Correspondence: Alysse M. Loomis, LCSW, University of Connecticut School of Social Work, 38 Prospect St, Hartford, CT 06103 (

This work was supported by the University of Connecticut. This research did not receive any other specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sector.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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