Original Research/StudyOverimitation of Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids in Comparison With Children With Normal HearingWang, Zhidan PhD; Zhu, Xiaoyu BA; Fong, Frankie T. K. PhD; Meng, Jing BA; Wang, Haijing MAAuthor Information School of Education Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, China (Dr Z. Wang, Mss Zhu and H. Wang); Early Cognitive Development Centre, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia (Dr Fong); and Xuzhou Special Education School, Xuzhou, China (Ms Meng). Correspondence: Zhidan Wang, School of Education Science, Jiangsu Normal University, No. 101 Shanghai Rd, Tongshan District, Xuzhou, China, 221116 ([email protected]). This research was supported by the funding from Humanities and Social Sciences of the Chinese Ministry of Education (18YJC190024) to Zhidan Wang. The authors are grateful to the participating children and parents. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Infants & Young Children: January/March 2020 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - p 84-92 doi: 10.1097/IYC.0000000000000157 Buy Erratum Metrics Abstract Our proclivity toward high-fidelity transmission of knowledge is one of the key mechanisms that underpins our success as a species. This study evaluated overimitation within children with hearing impairments (who had either a cochlear implant or a hearing aid) in relation to those with normal hearing. A total of seventy-two 4-year-old children were shown how to operate novel objects using a series of causally irrelevant actions, followed by causally relevant action. We measured the degree to which children reproduced the irrelevant actions as an indicator of imitative fidelity. Children with either hearing impairments or normal hearing replicated the irrelevant actions at rates above the baseline. However, imitative fidelity of the former group was significantly lower. In addition, children with hearing impairments were also less likely to identify and achieve the outcome by performing the relevant act. This study advances our understanding of social learning in children with hearing impairments and proposes potential weakness of social-cognitive skills within this population. Erratum In the January/March 2020 issue of Infants & Young Children , in the article by Wang et al., “Overimitation of children with cochlear implants or hearing aids in comparison with children with normal hearing”, the third coauthor, Frankie T. K. Fong, should be listed as the fifth and final author. The authors apologize for the error. Infants & Young Children. 33(2):118, April/June 2020. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.