Original Research/StudyInfluence of a Parent–Child Interaction Focused Bookmaking Approach on Maternal Parenting Self-EfficacyBoyce, Lisa K. PhD; Seedall, Ryan B. PhD; Innocenti, Mark S. PhD; Roggman, Lori A. PhD; Cook, Gina A. PhD; Hagman, Amanda M. MS; Jump Norman, Vonda K. PhD Author Information Department of Family, Consumer, and Human Development (Drs Boyce, Seedall, and Roggman and Ms Hagman), Center for Persons with Disabilities (Dr Innocenti), and Center for Persons with Disabilities (Dr Norman), Utah State University, Logan; and Psychology and Child Development, California State University, Stanislaus, Turlock (Dr Cook). Correspondence: Lisa K. Boyce, PhD, Department of Family, Consumer, and Human Development, 2600 Old Main Hill, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 ([email protected]). The work reported in this article was supported in part with funds from the U.S. Department of Education, OSERS/OSEP awarded to Utah State University, Logan, UT (Steppingstones Grant H327A080026).No other conflicts of interest are declared. Infants & Young Children 30(1):p 76-93, January/March 2017. | DOI: 10.1097/IYC.0000000000000085 Buy Metrics Abstract We examined the effects of our parent-child interaction focused bookmaking intervention with 89 families and their toddlers receiving early intervention services. Participating early intervention providers (N = 24) were assigned to either continue providing services as usual or participate in training to implement the bookmaking approach in their home visits. Compared with those receiving services as usual, the mothers in the treatment group showed greater maternal parenting self-efficacy, which in turn, predicted better child language development and fewer behavior problems. A significant interaction of treatment with maternal depression suggests that being in the treatment group reduced the association of depression with parenting self-efficacy. These findings suggest that early intervention approaches focused on parent–child interaction and other family-centered practices may be effective at increasing parenting self-efficacy, buffering against the potential deleterious effects of depression on parenting self-efficacy, and strengthening parents' confidence in their own ability to promote their children's development, resulting in gains in social–emotional and language domains. © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.