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Effects of a Dialogue-Based Program to Improve Emotion Knowledge in Spanish Roma Preschoolers

Giménez-Dasí, Marta PhD; Quintanilla, Laura PhD; Ojeda, Vanesa; Lucas-Molina, Beatriz PhD

doi: 10.1097/IYC.0000000000000086
Original Research/Study
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Romas are one of the largest minority groups in Spain and Europe, but no specific data on children's socioemotional learning are available. Our goal was to determine the level of socioemotional knowledge of a group of 4- and 5-year-old Roma children and to implement an intervention program at school. Forty-three Roma children participated (experimental: N = 21; control: N = 22). We implemented the intervention program Thinking emotions (M. Giménez-Dasí, M. Fernández-Sánchez, & M.-F. Daniel, 2013a). This program is based on Philosophy for Children (M. Lipman, A. M. Sharp, & F. S. Oscanyan, 1980) and aims to promote emotion knowledge, regulation strategies, and social competencies through peer-to-peer dialogue. Pre- and posttest measures were taken. Results showed low levels of initial knowledge and a clear pattern of improvement after the intervention.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (Drs Giménez-Dasí and Lucas-Molina); and Departments of Methodology of Behavioral Sciences (Dr Quintanilla) and Developmental and Educational Psychology (Ms Ojeda), Faculty of Psychology, UNED (Spanish National University for Distance Education), Madrid, Spain.

Correspondence: Marta Giménez-Dasí, PhD, Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Avd Blasco Ibañez 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain (marta.dasi@uv.es).

This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under grants PSI2008-02174 and EDU2013-45181-R to Marta Giménez-Dasí.

There are no conflicts of interest.

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