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Evaluation of the Turkish Version of the “Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional” in Identifying Children With Social-Emotional Problems

Kucuker, Sevgi PhD; Kapci, Emine Gul PhD; Uslu, Runa Idil MD

doi: 10.1097/IYC.0b013e31820eae26

The applicability of the Age and Stages Questionnaires: Social Emotional (ASQ-SE; J. Squires, D. Bricker & E. Twombly, 2003) for Turkish children was examined. A total of 608 mothers completed the ASQ-SE's. Overall sensitivity and overall specificity were 83.7% and 89.9%, respectively. Test-retest reliability, assessed by classifying children as “at risk” or “not at risk” for social-emotional development, was 87%. The interrater reliability between mothers' and teachers' classifications was 83.6%. The results revealed that the psychometric properties of the ASQ-SE in Turkish children are comparable to those reported in Squires et al. Low levels of mothers' education, but not of the family income, were found to be linked to social-emotional problems. In the light of the findings it is concluded that the ASQ-SE can be utilized to screen the social emotional competencies and problems of Turkish children and to identify various risk and protective factors that affect social emotional development.

Author Affiliations: Department of Special Education, Faculty of Education, Pamukkale University, Denizli (Dr Kucuker), Department of Psychological Services in Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences, (Dr Kapci), and Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey (Dr Uslu).

Correspondence: Emine Gul Kapci, PhD, Department of Psychological Services in Education, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Ankara University, 06590 Cebeci, Ankara, Turkey (

This research was supported by a grant from the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (Turkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Arastirma Kurumu; TUBITAK) Project No.105K003.

©2011Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.