ArticlePerceptions and Attitudes of Mothers About Child Neglect in TurkeyPolat, Selda MD; Tasar, Aysin MD; Ozkan, Secil MD; Yeltekin, Sevinc MD; Cakir, Bahar Cuhac MDι; Akbaba, Sevil MD; Sahin, Figen MD; Camurdan, Aysu Duyan MD; Beyazova, Ufuk MDAuthor Information Department of Pediatrics, Division of Social Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin (Dr Polat), Departments of Social Pediatrics (Drs Tasar, Cakir, Sahin, Camurdan, and Beyazova), Public Health (Dr Ozkan), School of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, and Karargahtepe Primary Health Center, Ministry of Health, Ankara (Dr Yeltekin), and Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Department of Family Practice, Ankara (Dr Akbaba), Turkey. Corresponding Author: Selda Polat, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Social Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Zeytinlibahce, Mersin, Turkey ([email protected]). Infants & Young Children: April 2010 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - p 122-131 doi: 10.1097/IYC.0b013e3181d3d30e Buy Metrics Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and attitudes about child neglect of a group of mothers, in Ankara, Turkey, and to determine the factors affecting perception and attitudes of these mothers about child neglect. A questionnaire consisting of 15 scenarios about perception of child neglect and 12 behavioral descriptions about attitudes was given to the mothers of 513 children between 0 and 5 years who were followed in the Gazi University Well-Child Clinic. High scores indicated better perception and positive attitudes about child neglect. The scores revealed that child neglect perception scores of the mothers were lower when his or her spouse's education levels were 8 years or lower, the mother was not working, the family's monthly income was low, and the parents smoked at home. Child neglect attitude scores were low when the mother's or her spouse's education levels were 8 years or lower, the father was unoccupied, the family's monthly income was low, the parents smoked at home, the birth order of child was high, and the child's medical history revealed he or she had had previous accidents. For building effective preventive strategies, traditional community perspectives and cultural characteristics concerning child neglect should be understood. ©2010Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.