Original Article: PDF OnlyPrenatal Exposure and Public Policy: Implications for Pregnant and Parenting Women and Their FamiliesArthur, Chris Rodgers PhD1; Gerken, Kathryn Clark PhD2Author Information 1Assistant Professor, Special Education, Department of Curriculum and Instruction College of Education, University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana 2Associate Professor, School Psychology, Psychological and Quantitative Foundations, College of Education, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa Infants & Young Children: April 1998 - Volume 10 - Issue 4 - p 23-35 Buy Abstract Children who are prenatally exposed to illicit substances are commonly identified through toxicologic screening of their mothers. Toxicologic screening does not distinguish between maternal use and abuse. However, children are identified as “prenatally exposed,” and the decisions that follow are often the result of conclusions that are based on laboratory findings. The purpose of this article is to examine methods used to identify pregnant and parenting women as users of illicit drugs, policies and practices that are barriers for those who need treatment, and the need for expanded services and interagency support for these women and their children. ©1998Aspen Publishers, Inc.