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Cardiovascular Imaging: The Past and the Future, Perspectives in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Wintersperger, Bernd J. MD*†; Bamberg, Fabian MD, MPH; De Cecco, Carlo N. MD§∥

doi: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000164
Review Articles

Today’s noninvasive imaging of the cardiovascular system has revolutionized the approach to various diseases and has substantially affected prognostic information. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomographic (CT) imaging are at center stage of these approaches, although 5 decades ago, these technologies were unheard of. Both modalities had their inception in the 1970s with a primary focus on noncardiovascular applications. The technical development of the various decades, however, substantially pushed the envelope for cardiovascular MR and CT applications. Within the past 10–15 years, MR and CT technologies have pushed each other in cardiac applications; and without the “rival” modality, neither one would likely not have reached its potential today. This view on the history of MR and CT in the field of cardiovascular applications provides insight into the story of success of applications that once have been ideas only but are at prime time today.

From the *Department of Medical Imaging, Peter Munk Cardiac Center, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto; †Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Eberhard-Karls University Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; §Division of Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC; and ∥Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Pathology, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.

Received for publication March 11, 2015; and accepted for publication, after revision, March 24, 2015.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence to: Bernd J. Wintersperger, MD, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto General Hospital, 585 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2N2. E-mail:

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