To evaluate the diagnostic value of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in small focal lesions using dynamic analysis based on unsupervised vector quantization in combination with a score for morphologic criteria.
Materials and Methods:
We examined 85 mammographically indetermintate lesions (BIRADS 3–4; 47 malignant, mean lesion size 1.2 cm; 38 benign, mean lesion size 1.1 cm). MRI was performed with a dynamic T1-weighted gradient echo sequence (1 precontrast and 5 postcontrast series). Lesions with an initial contrast enhancement ≥50% were selected with semiautomatic segmentation. For conventional dynamic analysis, we calculated the mean initial signal increase and postinitial course of all voxels included in a lesion. Secondly, all voxels within the lesions were assigned to 4 clusters using minimal-free-energy vector quantization. Dynamic and morphologic criteria were summarized in a diagnostic score and evaluated by receiver operating characteristic analysis.
In the present collection of small lesions, morphologic criteria [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.610] were inferior to dynamic criteria in the detection of breast cancer. Dynamic analysis with vector quantization (AUC = 0.760) presented slightly better results compared with standard dynamic analysis (AUC = 0.693). There was no benefit for combined morphologic and dynamic analysis.
In small MR-mammographic lesions, dynamic analysis with vector quantization alone tends to result in a higher diagnostic accuracy compared with combined morphologic and dynamic analysis.