Previous experimental studies have demonstrated that poly[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene] (PTFEP) nanocoated stents have antithrombotic characteristics, reduce in-stent stenosis, prevent wall inflammation, and do not hamper endothelialization. This study was designed to validate these findings in a porcine coronary artery model.
Materials and Methods:
PTFEP-coated (n = 15) and bare stents (n= 13) were implanted in coronary arteries of 18 mini-pigs (4- and 12-week follow-up). Primary study endpoints were thrombogenicity and in-stent stenosis, secondary study endpoints were inflammatory response and re-endothelialization evaluated by quantitative angiography and light microscopy.
No thrombus deposition occurred on any stent. At 4 weeks follow-up, the bare stents (n = 4) had a significantly smaller neointimal area (1.93 vs. 3.20 mm2, P = 0.009). At 12 weeks, PTFEP-coated stents (n = 11) had significantly superior results in almost all parameters: neointimal area (2.25 vs. 2.65 mm2, P = 0.034), neointimal height (204.46 vs. 299.41 μm, P = 0.048), percentage stenosis (38.25 vs. 50.42%, P = 0.019), and inflammation score (0.12 vs. 0.30, P = 0.029). Complete re-endothelialization was seen in both stent types at both intervals.
At long-term follow-up, the superior results of PTFEP-coated stents were characterized by a noteworthy reduction of neointimal growth and inflammatory response.