Miao Y, Ni Y, Yu J, Marchal G. A comparative study on validation of a novel cooled-wet electrode for radiofrequency liver ablation. Invest Radiol 2000;35:438–444.
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES.
A cooled-wet electrode has been developed for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) that allows simultaneous internal-cooling perfusion (“cooled”) and interstitial hypertonic saline infusion (“wet”). The present comparative study was conducted to validate this new device for the increased coagulation volume in RFA.
Under low-power (50 W, groups A through F) and high-power (90 W, groups A′ through F′) control modes, 240 RFA lesions were created on excised beef liver to compare the cooled-wet electrode with other monopolar electrodes. The experimental regimens were as follows: groups A and A′, conventional RF electrode; groups B and B′, cooled electrode; groups C and C′, wet electrode; groups D and D′, cooled-wet electrode; groups E and E′, cooled-wet electrode but suspended wet function; and groups F and F′, cooled-wet electrode but suspended cooled function. The ablation efficacy was evaluated by comparing the lesion sizes as well as parameters of impedance, power output, current, and tip temperature.
With lower impedance and tip temperature but higher power output, the lesion size in groups D (4.90 ± 0.60 cm) and D′ (6.6 ± 0.99 cm) was significantly larger than that in other groups.
The use of the cooled-wet electrode could efficiently increase the lesion size for liver ablation.