RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES.
A mathematical morphology-based computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme for the identification of clustered microcalcifications was developed and tested. The potential for improving either sensitivity or specificity by combining the results with those previously reported was investigated.
The CAD scheme presented here is based on mathematical morphology and a series of simple rule-based criteria for the identification of clustered microcalcifications. A database of 105 digitized mammograms was used for training and rule setting of the scheme. A test set of 191 digitized mammograms was used to evaluate its performance. The same test set had been used to evaluate a multilayer, topography-based scheme. The results obtained by the two schemes were then combined using logical OR and AND operations.
The morphology-based and topography-based CAD schemes performed at sensitivities of 82.9% and 89.5%, with false-positive detection rates of 1.3 and 0.4 per image, respectively. A logical OR operation resulted in 95.4% sensitivity. An AND operation achieved 76.2% sensitivity, with no false identifications on 93% of images.
By combining the results of the morphology-based and the topography-based schemes, either sensitivity or specificity can be improved.