Rationale and Objectives
Several works have shown that the hepatobiliary magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent manganese dipyridoxyl diphosphate (MnDPDP) partly releases its metallic ion and exhibits cardiovascular effects that are supposed to arise from the free manganese ions (Mn++). In the current study, the cellular internalization of Mn by the isolated rat heart is monitored through the mechanical function of the organ and the relative broadening of the P-31 nuclear magnetic resonances.
Rat hearts were perfused with manganese chloride(MnCl2; 15 and 25 µM) or MnDPDP (25 µM). Variations of the linewidths, heights, and surfaces of phosphocreatine and adenosine triphosphate peaks were monitored. Cardiac function was monitored simultaneously through heart rate, left ventricular pressure, and coronary flow.
Influx of Mn++ induces a significant broadening of the P-31 resonances of adenosine triphosphate and phosphocreatine because of a strong scalar paramagnetic interaction between the nuclei and the ion. Compared with MnDPDP administered at the same concentration, MnCl2 induced a more pronounced and dose-dependent line broadening as well as a coronary vasodilation. Calcium channel blockers (nifedipine and verapamil) and EDTA inhibit MnCl2 influx. Similarly, verapamil, EDTA, and DPDP reduce the alterations provoked by MnDPDP.
The effects of MnDPDP are smaller but of the same type than those induced by MnCl2. Their inhibition by calcium channel blockers (verapamil and nifedipine) and by an excess of strong chelators such as DPDP or EDTA confirms that they originate from a partial release of Mn++ by the contrast agent.