KANNEGIETER LANE S. MD; BRANDON, JEFFERY C. MD; ESPINOZA, FROILAN P. MD; VANSON, DAVID T. BS; DEUTSCH, LARRY-STUART MD; MILLER, DAMON P. III MD; TEPLICK, STEVEN K. MDInvestigative Radiology: May 1993 Original Investigations: PDF Only Buy Abstract RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES. The authors evaluated a method of gallbladder sclerosis in the presence of cholelithiasis. METHODS. The study was performed in 20 pigs. The gallbladders of 16 pigs contained surgically placed human gallstones. Control groups included animals that had their gallbladders sclerosed in the absence of stones, as well as a surgical sham control. Sclerosis followed cystic duct ligation to prevent extravasation of the sclerosing agent (95% Ethanol with 2 mole% trifluoroacetic acid) into the biliary tree. After sclerosis, a pigtail catheter was placed in the gallbladder to drain any post-procedure fluid accumulations. Catheters were removed after all drainage had ceased. Animals were killed at either 8 weeks (n=6) or 6 months (n=14). RESULTS. Stones were enveloped within the sclerosed and fibrotic gallbladder remnant in 13 of 15 test animals (87%). CONCLUSIONS. Sclerosis of gallbladders with stones in situ was achievable. Total mucosal obliteration did not appear to be required to produce a dysfunctional gallbladder in the time frame of this study. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.