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Quality of life in Swedish patients with post-polio syndrome with a focus on age and sex

Jung, Tae-Du; Broman, Lisbet; Stibrant-Sunnerhagen, Katharina; Gonzalez, Henrik; Borg, Kristian

International Journal of Rehabilitation Research: June 2014 - Volume 37 - Issue 2 - p 173–179
doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000052
Original articles

To investigate the health-related quality of life (QOL) in Swedish patients with post-polio syndrome (PPS), with a focus on sex and age. A total of 364 patients were recruited from five Swedish post-polio clinics. Analysis was carried out using SF-36 and data were compared with those of a normal population. QOL was significantly lower in PPS patients for all eight subdomains and the two main scores (physical compound score and mental compound score) when compared with the controls. Male patients had a significantly higher QOL than female patients for all subdomains and also for mental compound score and physical compound score, a phenomenon also observed in the normal population. There was a decrease in QOL in the physical domains and an increase in vitality with age. PPS decreases health-related QOL in both sexes, more in female patients. QOL for physical domains decreases whereas vitality increases with age in both sexes.

aDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyds Hospital, Stockholm

bInstitute for Neuroscience and Physiology, Section for Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden

cDepartment of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea

Correspondence to Kristian Borg, MD, PhD, Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyds Hospital, Blg. 39, Fl 3, S-182 88 Stockholm, Sweden Tel/fax: +46 8 6557754; e-mail: kristian.borg@ki.se

Received April 25, 2013

Accepted January 10, 2014

Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.