Original ArticlesJob crafting as a work adjustment strategy for workers returning after long-term sickness absence due to common mental disordersNielsen, Karinaa; Yarker, JobAuthor Information aInstitute for Work Psychology, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield bDepartment of Organizational Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK Received 14 November 2019 Accepted 15 January 2020 Correspondence to Karina Nielsen, PhD, Institute for Work Psychology, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Conduit Road, S10 1FL Sheffield, UK, Tel: +44 114 2222 0983; e-mail: K.firstname.lastname@example.org International Journal of Rehabilitation Research: June 2020 - Volume 43 - Issue 2 - p 154-158 doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000398 Buy Metrics Abstract The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the way workers with common mental disorders use job crafting to adjust their work to their levels of functioning after returning from long-term sick leave. Thirty-eight workers who had returned within the last 24 months from sickness absence due to common mental disorders were interviewed using semistructured interviews. Questions were asked about how they job crafted to match their changed needs for work functioning post return. To interpret the results, we coded the data according to the Wrzesniewski and Dutton typology of job crafting and conducted thematic analysis. We identified task, relational and cognitive job crafting strategies that workers had employed after returning to work. Our findings have important implications for how managers and organizations can support workers to make adjustments that enable them to stay and thrive at work with reduced work functioning. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.