Original ArticlesPoor performance of the ‘child Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test’ correlates with poorer social-emotional functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorderGolubchik, Pavela,,b; Weizman, Abrahamb,,c,,dAuthor Information aChild and Adolescent Outpatient Clinic, Geha Mental Health Center, Petah Tikva bDepartment of Psychiatry, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv cResearch Unit, Geha Mental Health Center dFelsenstein Medical Research Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Petah Tikva, Israel Received 20 June 2019 Accepted 10 October 2019 Correspondence to Pavel Golubchik, MD, Child and Adolescent Outpatient Clinic, Geha Mental Health Center, PO Box 102, Petah Tikva 4910002, Israel, Tel: +972 3 9258270; fax: +972 3 9523598; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org International Clinical Psychopharmacology: March 2020 - Volume 35 - Issue 2 - p 105-108 doi: 10.1097/YIC.0000000000000299 Buy Metrics Abstract The performance of the ‘child Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test’ (cRMET), a measure of Theory of Mind (ToM), was assessed in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with relation to social-emotional functioning and ADHD severity. The impact of a single dose of methylphenidate on cRMET performance was evaluated. A group of 25 children aged 7–17 years diagnosed with ADHD were assessed at baseline by cRMET, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the ADHD-rating scale. cRMET assessment was repeated after administration of a single dose of methylphenidate. Significant correlation was found between the age of the participant and baseline cRMET levels (r = 0.56; P = 0.0037). Significant correlation was found between poorer cRMET performance and worse socioemotional functioning, as reflected by higher baseline SDQ scores (r = −0.39, P = 0.048). No significant correlations were found at baseline between cRMET scores and ADHD severity. No significant improvement in cRMET was detected following administration of a single methylphenidate dose. Poor baseline ToM functioning is associated with lower social-emotional functioning. The ToM functioning improves with age in children with ADHD, but is not affected by a single methylphenidate administration. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.