ORIGINAL ARTICLESEffects on the diagnosis change and on the disability level for individuals with disorder of consciousness which predictors?Sattin, Davide; Leonardi, Matilde; Guido, Davide On behalf of the Consortium on Functioning and Disability in Patients with DOC Author Information Neurology, Public Health, Disability Unit – Scientific Directorate, Neurological Institute Carlo Besta IRCCS Foundation, Milan, Italy Correspondence to Davide Sattin, PsyD, Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit – Scientific Directorate, Neurological Institute Carlo Besta IRCCS Foundation, Via Celoria 11, 20133 Milano, Italy Tel: +39 022 394 2709; fax: +39 022 394 2442; e-mail: [email protected] Received October 11, 2017 Accepted January 22, 2018 International Clinical Psychopharmacology: May 2018 - Volume 33 - Issue 3 - p 163-171 doi: 10.1097/YIC.0000000000000214 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Prediction of the functional recovery in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) is still complex because of the different numbers of variables that influence the possibility of observing changes in clinical outcome. The aim of the present study is to identify the best set of predictors of the change in DOC diagnosis among different pharmacotherapy and nonpharmacotherapy indicators. This study analyzed data collected in a longitudinal, two-evaluation, multicenter project conducted in 90 centers. We analyzed the predictor effects of physical and cognitive treatments, duration of disease, etiology, age, and sex (nonpharmacological treatments) as well as the use of antiparkinson, psycholeptic, psychoanaleptic, and muscle-relaxant drugs (pharmacological variables). Ordered logistic models, linear regression models with bootstrap estimation, and model averaging procedures were used. The results showed that physical and cognitive treatments [best predictor: odds ratio (OR)=413.3, P<0.001], age (OR=0.964, P<0.001), and use of psycholeptic drugs (negative effect: OR=0.373, P=0.039) were the variables that contributed in general toward a change in diagnosis. Notably, the use of psycholeptic drugs seemed to impede the functional recovery in patients with DOC, so serious reflections on its use will be made. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.