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Coupland N. J.; Wilson, S. J.; Potokar, J. P.; Bell, C. E.; Bailey, J. E.; Nutt, D. J.
International Clinical Psychopharmacology: November 1995
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The effects of treatment with phenelzine (n = 15) and moclobemide (n = 20) on heart rate variability and cardiovascular responses to standing were examined using non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) monitoring in an open cross-sectional study. Phenelzine markedly impaired the BP response compared with moclobemide, with 83% vs 15% of patients lacking the normal initial BP overshoot (p < 0.01). BP recovery to supine levels was delayed (median time for diastolic BP 14.5 s after phenelzine vs 4.9 s after moclobemide; p < 0.002). Standing BP at 1 min and its change from supine levels were also significantly lower in the phenelzine group (Adiastolic BP 4 mmHg vs 15mmHg; p < 0.001). Heart rate responses and variability were preserved and did not differ between treatments. These findings are consistent with impairment of sympathetic function but preservation of parasympathetic responses after phenelzine treatment.

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