Case ReportsEndosvascular Treatment of Mycotic Thoracic Aortic Pseudoaneurysm Secondary to Nontyphoidal Salmonella Infection A Case ReportAmbroziak, Agnieszka MD; Dobrowolski, Sebastian MD, PhD; Hendiger, Włodzimierz MD, PhDAuthor Information From the Department of Vascular Surgery, Hospital of Ministry of Internal Affairs in Lodz, Poland. Correspondence to: Agnieszka Ambroziak MD, 91-425 Lodz, ul. Polnocna 42, Poland. E-mail: [email protected]. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: January 2021 - Volume 29 - Issue 1 - p e39-e41 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000000904 Buy Metrics Abstract Treatment of patients with infected aortic aneurysm remains a challenge for the vascular surgeon and carries a high risk of mortality. Here, we present a case of a patient with infected thoracic aneurysm treated successfully with endovascular technique. The female patient, age 57 years, was admitted to the hospital due to severe thoracic pain. The angiotomography revealed inflammation of the thoracic aorta along with the presence of air bubbles. Stool and blood cultures were positive for Salmonella ser. Enteritidis. Targeted antibiotics were given intravenously for 22 days followed by oral delivery for 6 months. After 14 weeks, angiotomography showed the presence of pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta with a diameter of 87 mm, and a thoracic stent-graft was implanted. No endoleaks were detected at the 3-year follow-up. The presented patient with Salmonella-positive infected thoracic aneurysm was successfully treated with endovascular method but still needs lifelong follow-up. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.