Review ArticlesAcute Bacterial Parotitis in Adult Hematologic Malignancy Two Case Reports and Literature ReviewShabani, Sepehr MD∗; Cheema, Asima MD†; Nanjappa, Sowmya MBBS, MD†; Ramsakal, Asha DO, MBS†; Greene, John N. MD, FACP†Author Information From the ∗Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery †H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. Correspondence to: John N. Greene, MD, FACP, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, FL 33612. E-mail: [email protected]. The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: September 2019 - Volume 27 - Issue 5 - p 260-262 doi: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000000764 Buy Metrics Abstract Acute bacterial parotitis (ABP) is an uncommon condition in immunosuppressed adult cancer patients. Here, we report 2 cases of parotitis in immunocompromised patients; one with a diagnosis of extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma and the other with acute myeloid lymphoma. Both patients were treated with antibiotics and local management with resolution of their parotitis. Per review of literature, this is the first article describing ABP in patients with bone marrow transplantation and hematologic malignancies. Moreover, this is also the first article reporting ABP due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, an opportunistic gram-negative rod bacterium. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.