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Probiotic-Associated Bifidobacterium Septic Prosthetic Joint Arthritis

Bush, Larry M. MD, FACP*†‡; De Almeida, Kleper N.F. MD†‡; Martin, Gregory MD; Perez, Maria T. MD, FCAP§

Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: July 2014 - Volume 22 - Issue 4 - p e39–e41
doi: 10.1097/IPC.0b013e318291c88e
Case Reports

Probiotics are claimed to provide some preventative and/or therapeutic health benefits. However, many of these assertions are based on scarce or no objective data. Generally believed to be safe, few adverse events have been associated with their use. We report the first case of septic prosthetic joint arthritis due to Bifidobacterium species presumed secondary to probiotic consumption.

From the *Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, †University of Miami-Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL; ‡JFK Medical Center, Palm Beach County, FL and §Integrated Regional Laboratory Pathology Services, JFK Medical Center, Palm Beach County, FL.

Correspondence to: Larry M. Bush, MD, FACP, Comprehensive Infectious Diseases, LLC, 5503 South Congress Ave, Suite 104, Atlantis, FL 33462. E-mail:

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.