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Ray, Rajashree; Singh, P K; Kumar, Vinay

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Music is often thought of as a non verbal language, capable of communicating emotional messages. It has been with us from pre-historic times as evidenced from Paleolithic cave drawings and remains of rudimentary Flutes mentioned in the Vedas. In different forms it has been used in every culture to help connect people, counsel them and soothe them in times of distress.

It is a complex experience that utilizes seemingly divergent abilities of the brain. While the initial sensation of the sounds that make up music is predominantly an auditory experience, the neural basis of music perception lies in several different areas of the brain and overlaps with those used in language, emotion and motor tasks.

In the last few years, music has increasingly been used as a tool for the investigation of human cognition and its underlying brain mechanisms. Making music is a tremendously demanding task for the human brain, engaging Virtually in all cognitive processes like perception, action, social cognition, emotion, learning, and memory. It plays a Key role in the evolution of language, and covers important evolutionary functions such as communication, cooperation, social cohesion and group coordination. Being a universal language, transcending time, generation and cultures, music also contributes to the coherence and maintenance of social groups, encouraging bonding and emotional communication with others.

Playing music has several direct benefits, including keeping our brain healthy as we age, raising IQ and academic performance, strengthening learning and memory, lowering stress and improving health, increasing verbal intelligence, making us happier and improving our sleep patterns. Music therapy techniques have included guided listening or improvisational playing, for mental health and neurological disorders like Schizophrenia, Depression, Autism, Dementia and Traumatic Brain Injury.

This will cover three key areas related to different aspects of Music by three speakers as given below:

Keywords: Music, cognitive, Medical

© 2018 Indian Journal of Psychiatry | Published by Wolters Kluwer – Medknow