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Artificial Intelligence Versus Editorial Art

Judy, Kenneth W. M. DDS, FACD, FICD

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doi: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3182622606
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The basis for renewed interest and billions of dollars allocated to artificial intelligence (AI) research is both entrepreneurial and military. Simply put, our ability to generate, store, and manipulate data continues to increase much faster than “warp speed.” Moore law, proposed at the beginning of AI in the mid 1950s at Dartmouth College, states that the number of transistors in a chip will most likely double every 2 years. This is the same beginning time frame when subperiosteal and various forms of endosteal implants were being developed in Europe, the United States, South America, and Japan. Thousands of trillions of calculations can be made per second on computers today that are much smaller, much less expensive, and easily protected. Every written text by man can be and is being rapidly digitalized. IBM computers did defeat Grand Master Gary Kasparov and Jeopardy champion Ken Jennings.

However, several questions need critical analysis. Can our brains absorb this ever expanding amount of information? Will algorithms ever have an imagination? Will they ever function morally? Can we accidently instill fear in a machine, so it will protect itself through self-generated override mechanisms?

Today, our publishers use AI to monitor all health care–related journals. They are scanned specifically for implant-related materials. And, talking about “scanning,” just look at this month's cover of this Journal. The quick response (QR) code, when scanned, will bring you instantaneously to the ICOI Web site within which a host of important subjects are identified as well as the most cited authors. Our abstracts are published online in 8 languages. Special articles are translated in full via AI program language translators. There is no limit to this communication activity. There is no limit to connectivity. An increasingly important Impact Factor is the natural outcome of these activities and is critical to the academic community.

If a car automatically breaks when it is in reverse because it has scanned a child in its path, we all would obviously want this feature. But, is such a car's computer thinking for us, let alone making a moral decision? On a daily basis, all of our lives are impacted by computer-driven machines, even to the level of protecting us from nuclear Armageddon. Yet the policy of mutually assured destruction, which prevented the United States and the Soviet Union from such a World War III like calamity could be bypassed outside the normal control mechanisms of AI by a rogue nuclear state or individual. This is today's reality, not just the stuff of movies.

Fifteen to 20 years ago, AI was utilized for medical diagnosis. Today, AI is a routine part of cone beam computed axial tomography scan technology for diagnostics, treatment planning, and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing modeling in dentistry.

After many years of editorial experience and development of implant machines and devices, to what extent does AI affect the main purposes of the International Congress of Oral Implantologists and its affiliated societies, as well as similarly situated societies, specifically, education, research, recognition of our members' achievements, and finally camaraderie, locally and internationally? Frankly, all of these often stated purposes would be exceptionally diminished without AI.

Only the printed word, in my opinion, has the unique attribute of being able to be responsibly reviewed and discussed. The responsibility for editor(s) and the editorial staff of each issue of each journal regarding content is enormous. Publishers also have to make sure that their journals are in and of the world of AI.

At 40 years, ICOI members worldwide should continue to wish our current publisher, LWW, and our Editor-in-Chief, Dr Morton Perel, our heartfelt congratulations as we rush head long into the AI world.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.