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Fracture of Zirconia Abutments in Implant Treatments

A Systematic Review

Gou, Min BDS, DDS*; Chen, Helin BDS, DDS*; Fu, Min BDS, DDS; Wang, Hang BDS, DDS, PhD

doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000900
Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews
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Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and summarize clinical studies related to the fracture of zirconia abutments in implant treatments.

Material and Methods: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library searches were performed and complemented by manual searches from database inception to February 11, 2018, for title and abstract analysis.

Results: Initially, 645 articles were obtained through database searches. Fifty-three articles were selected for full-text analysis, and 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. The selected studies were analyzed regarding fracture rate, abutment-implant connection, time point of fracture, location of critical crack, causes, managements, and preventive measures with respect to zirconia abutment fracture.

Conclusions: Lower fracture rates were reported for internal connection with metal component (2-piece) zirconia abutments compared with external and internal full-zirconia connection (one-piece) zirconia abutments. Overpreparation and overload should be avoided in case of zirconia abutments.

*Doctoral Student, Department of Prosthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR of China.

Clinical Resident, Department of Prosthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR of China.

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR of China.

Reprint requests and correspondence to: Hang Wang, BDS, DDS, PhD, 14 Third Section, Renmin Nan Road, Chengdu 610041, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Department of prosthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR of China, Phone: +8618080117866, Fax: +86-28-85582167, E-mail: wanghang@scu.edu.cn

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