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Prevalence of Periimplant Diseases

Salvi, Giovanni E., Prof Dr med dent*; Cosgarea, Raluca, PD, Dr med dent†,‡; Sculean, Anton, Prof Dr med dent, MS§

doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000872
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Purpose: To report the prevalence of periimplant diseases (ie, periimplant mucositis and periimplantitis).

Material and Methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE through PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine for articles published until March 2018 using Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) search terms complemented by free terms and in different combinations.

Results: A wide range of prevalences of periimplant diseases has been reported in the literature. Subject-based estimated weighted mean prevalences and ranges were reported to amount to 43% (range: 19%–65%) for periimplant mucositis and to 22% (range: 1%–47%) for periimplantitis.

Conclusion: Differences in case definitions impact on extent and severity of periimplant diseases and make comparisons among studies difficult. Convenience samples rather than randomly selected population samples are often analyzed to estimate prevalence of periimplant diseases. More recent studies report implant- and subject-based prevalences of periimplant diseases.

*Vice Chairman and Graduate Program Director, Departmemt of Periodontology, University of Bern, School of Dental Medicine, Bern, Switzerland.

Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, University Iuliu Hatieganu, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

§Chairman, Department of Periodontology, University of Bern, School of Dental Medicine, Bern, Switzerland.

Reprint requests and correspondence to: Giovanni E. Salvi, Prof Dr med dent, Department of Periodontology, University of Bern, School of Dental Medicine, Freiburgstrasse 7, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland, Phone: + 41 31 632 35 51, Fax: + 41 31 632 49 15, E-mail: giovanni.salvi@zmk.unibe.ch

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