Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Nonsurgical Treatment of Periimplantitis

Wang, Chin-Wei, DDS, DMSc*; Renvert, Stefan, DDS; Wang, Hom-Lay, DDS, MSD, PhD

doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000846
Consensus
Buy
SDC

Purpose: Periimplantitis has become an emerging challenge faced by practicing dentists worldwide. When treating periimplantitis, we should attempt to manage this problem via nonsurgical therapies that include addressing all modifiable systemic risk factors and local contributing factors. Hence, the aim of this narrative review was to examine published studies on nonsurgical treatment of periimplantitis and evaluate their effectiveness and limitations.

Materials and Methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE via PubMed database up to December 31, 2017. Current published clinical approaches focused on mechanical debridement, adjunctive antiseptic therapy, adjunctive antibiotic therapy, laser-assisted therapy, and combination approaches were included in this analysis.

Results: Nonsurgical therapy of periimplantitis may result in complete healing of the disease and the patient is then placed on a supportive maintenance program. If the disease is not resolved and surgical intervention is not an option, active nonsurgical retreatment may be considered. In many cases where disease is not resolved, surgical therapy or implant removal could be considered.

Conclusions: Nonsurgical treatment of periimplantitis usually provides clinical improvements in reducing bleeding tendency and in some cases pocket reduction. Early diagnosis, detection, and intervention remain the key for managing periimplantitis.

*Clinical Assistant Professor and Director of Predoctoral Periodontics, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI.

Professor and Research Director, Oral Health Sciences, Kristianstad University School of Dentistry, Kristianstad, Sweden; Visiting Professor, School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland; Visiting Professor, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.

Professor and Director of Graduate Periodontics, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI.

Reprint requests and correspondence to: Hom-Lay Wang, DDS, MSD, PhD, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, 1011 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078, Phone: 734-763-3325, Fax: 734-936-0374, E-mail: homlay@umich.edu

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.