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Periimplantitis and Implant Body Roughness

A Systematic Review of Literature

Jordana, Fabienne, MSc, DDS, PhD*; Susbielles, Léa, DDS; Colat-Parros, Jacques, MSc, DDS, PhD

doi: 10.1097/ID.0000000000000834
Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews

Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether implant roughness is associated with periimplantitis in humans.

Materials and Methods: An electronic search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until October 2017 and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) give a clear definition of periimplantitis and (2) contain outcome data (clinical and radiological data) considering the periimplantitis rate. A systematic review was carried out to evaluate the impact of roughness on the periimplantitis rate.

Results: Of 4690 potentially eligible articles, 22 were included in the qualitative analysis and quantitative synthesis.

Conclusions: This systematic review suggests that roughness and surface treatment of dental implants are important factors associated with periimplantitis.

*Associate Professor, Dental Faculty, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Hospital Practitioner, Dentistry Department, University Health Centre, Nantes, France.

Private Practice, Pau, France.

Hospital Practitioner, Dentistry Department, Pellegrin Hospital, University Health Centre, Bordeaux, France; Associate Professor, Dental Faculty, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Reprint requests and correspondence to: Fabienne Jordana, MSc, DDS, PhD, University of Nantes, 1 Place Alexis Ricordeau, BP 84215, 44042 Nantes cedex 1, France, Phone: +33670580024, Fax: +332 40 20 18 67, E-mail:

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