The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether implant roughness is associated with periimplantitis in humans.
An electronic search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until October 2017 and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) give a clear definition of periimplantitis and (2) contain outcome data (clinical and radiological data) considering the periimplantitis rate. A systematic review was carried out to evaluate the impact of roughness on the periimplantitis rate.
Of 4690 potentially eligible articles, 22 were included in the qualitative analysis and quantitative synthesis.
This systematic review suggests that roughness and surface treatment of dental implants are important factors associated with periimplantitis.
*Associate Professor, Dental Faculty, University of Nantes, Nantes, France; Hospital Practitioner, Dentistry Department, University Health Centre, Nantes, France.
†Private Practice, Pau, France.
‡Hospital Practitioner, Dentistry Department, Pellegrin Hospital, University Health Centre, Bordeaux, France; Associate Professor, Dental Faculty, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
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