Diabetes mellitus is a prevalent medical disorder. It is often accompanied with systemic adverse sequelae, such as wound healing alterations, which may affect osseointegration of dental implants. The use of dental implants in patients with diabetes mellitus remains controversial because altered bone healing around implants has been reported. The purpose of this study was to present 1-year clinical outcomes of 23 implants placed in 10 patients with well-, or moderately well, controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus.
All implants were uneventfully placed in the mandible or maxilla. Three different types of definitive implant-supported prostheses, cement- or screw-retained fixed dental prostheses, and overdentures were delivered to the patients.
At 1-year follow-up recall, no implants were lost, and 0.3 ± 0.2 mm marginal bone loss was noted. No periapical radiolucencies, no bleeding on probing, or pathologic probing depth were recorded at these recalls.
This clinical report supports the use of dental implants in patients with well-, or moderately well, controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus as a dental treatment modality. No evidence of diminished clinical success or significant complication related to implant treatment was found for this patient population.
Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX.
Reprint requests and correspondence to: Ilser Turkyilmaz, DDS, PhD, Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Texas, Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, MSC 7912, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, Telephone: 210-567-6450, Fax: 210-567-6376, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org