Secondary Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Smoking, Diabetes Mellitus, Periodontitis, and Supportive Periodontal Treatment as Factors Associated With Dental Implant Survival: A Long-Term Retrospective Evaluation of Patients Followed for Up to 10 Years

Anner, Rachel DMD*; Grossmann, Yoav DMD; Anner, Yael; Levin, Liran DMD§

doi: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3181bb8f6c
Basic and Clinical Research
Buy

Objectives: To evaluate the factors associated with long-term implant survival in a large cohort of patients in regular follow-up until data collection.

Methods: The study population consisted of 475 patients who were referred to a private clinic limited to Periodontics and Implantology between November 1995 and July 2006. Data were collected from patient files with regards to smoking habits, periodontal condition, diabetes mellitus, implant survival, and time when implant failure occurred. Patients were divided into those who participated in a supportive periodontal program in the clinic and those who only attended the annual free-of-charge implant examination.

Results: A total of 1626 implants were placed with a follow-up ranging from 1 to 114 months (average 30.82 ± 28.26 months). Overall, 77 (4.7%) implants were lost in 58 (12.2%) patients after a mean period of 24.71 ± 25.84 months. More than one-half of the patients (246; 51.7%) participated in a structured supportive periodontal program in the clinic, and 229 (48.3%) only attended to the annual free-of-charge implant examination. Smoking and attendance in a regular supportive periodontal program were statistically associated with implant survival. Patients with (treated) moderate-to-advanced chronic periodontal disease demonstrated higher implant failure rates but, this difference did not reach statistical significance. Diabetes mellitus was not related to implant survival in this patient cohort.

Conclusions: Smoking and attendance in a regular supportive periodontal program were found to be strongly related to implant survival. Special attention should be given to continuous periodontal supportive programs to implant patients.

*Private practice, Kfar-Saba, Israel.

†Senior Prosthodontist, Maxillofacial Prosthodontics Services, Oral & Maxillofacial Center, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

‡Medical Student, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

§Clinical Instructor, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; and Department of Periodontology, School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Reprint requests and correspondence to: Liran Levin, DMD, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger, School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, E-mail: liranl@post.tau.ac.il

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.