Today, osseointegration of implants is readily attainable with high long-term survival rates. Consequently, clinicians are now focusing on improving implant esthetics and are starting to incorporate this parameter into their definition of implant success. However, studies measuring factors that affect implant esthetics and implant esthetic outcomes are lacking in the literature. A satisfactory esthetic outcome requires the clinician to be aware of the different factors affecting esthetics during the preplanning, surgical, and prosthetic phases of implant placement. This article addresses the etiologies of esthetic complications during each of these 3 phases and provides preventive and corrective treatment suggestions for these situations.
*Resident, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
†Professor and Director of Graduate Periodontics, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
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Hom-Lay Wang, DDS, MSD; Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine; University of Michigan School of Dentistry; 1011 North University Avenue; Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078; Phone: 734-763-3383; Fax: 734-936-0374; E-mail: email@example.com