Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Dental Implant Design and Its Relationship to Long-Term Implant Success

Steigenga, Jennifer T. DDS; Al-Shammari, Khalaf F. DDS, MS; Nociti, Francisco H. DDS, PhD; Misch, Carl E. DDS, MDS; Wang, Hom-Lay DDS, MSD

doi: 10.1097/01.ID.0000091140.76130.A1
BASIC AND CLINICAL RESEARCH
Buy

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the effects of the biomechanical aspects of dental implant design on the quality and strength of osseointegration, the bone–implant interface, and their relationships to the long-term success of dental implants. The engineering design of implants is based on many interrelated factors, including the geometry of the implant, mechanical properties, and the initial and long-term stability of the implant–tissue interface. There is no one “optimal” design criterion. However, implants can be engineered to maximize strength, interfacial stability, and load transfer by using different materials, surfaces, and thread designs. Limited information is currently available in addressing how implant thread design influences the overall implant success. Therefore, this article reviews and discusses design elements of various dental implant systems currently in use as they affect the quality of osseointegration and their relationship to overall long-term success patterns.

*Graduate student, Department of Periodontics/Prevention/Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

†Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics/Prevention/Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; and Ministry of Health, Kuwait.

‡Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontics, Division of Periodontics, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP, São Paulo, Brazil.

§Adjunct Clinical Professor, Department of Periodontics/Prevention/Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

∥Professor and Director of Graduate Periodontics, Department of Periodontics/Prevention/Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Reprint requests and correspondence to:

Hom-Lay Wang, DDS, MSD

University of Michigan

School of Dentistry

1011 N. University Ave.

Ann Arbor, MI 48109–1078

Phone: (734) 763–3383

Fax: (734) 763–5503

E-mail: homlay@umich.edu

Copyright © 2003 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.