*International Ph.D. Program in Medicine
¶Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
∥Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine
#Core Laboratory of Immune Monitoring, Office of Research & Development, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
†Department of Oncology
‡Faculty of Medicine, Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Can Tho, Vietnam
§Department of Surgery, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue
Data were extracted and analyzed from published articles, all available and accessible in the shared database. All datasets generated during the study are available upon reasonable request from the corresponding authors. The study protocol has been published (PROSPERO ID: CRD42022379477; www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/) and is universally available.
T.T.N. conceived the study. T.T.N. and N.T.N. contributed to the design of the review protocol. T.T.N., N.V.C., and V.K.T. screened eligible studies and extracted the data. T.T.N. and N.T.N. evaluated the quality and risk of bias. T.T.N., N.T.N., and V.K.T. analyzed the results. T.T.N. and N.T.N. contributed to interpreting results and writing the manuscript. C.-F.L. provided expertise, feedback on the report, edited the manuscript, and guided the final version.
Reprints: Chiou-Feng Lin, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, No. 25, Wuxing St, Xinyi District, Taipei City, Taiwan (e-mail: [email protected]).
Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's website, www.immunotherapy-journal.com.