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Ophthalmic Images

Delayed capsular bag distension syndrome

Kommineni, Usha; Gogri, Pratik1,; Biala, Abhinav1

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Indian Journal of Ophthalmology: October 2020 - Volume 68 - Issue 10 - p 2257
doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_863_20
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A 61-year-old female with history of cataract surgery 14 years back, presented with complain of diminution of vision in left eye for 10 years and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of 20/800. Slit lamp image and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) of LE showed collection of fluid behind intraocular lens (IOL) [Fig. 1a-c]. Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy was done to make a central opening [Fig. 1d and e]. The CDVA improved to 20/20 after the intervention.

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Figure 1:
(a) AS-OCT image at presentation showing fluid accumulation behind the IOL in the capsular bag, (b) Diffuse illumination slit lamp image of the LE showing the white reflex behind the IOL, (c) Slit view image showing the fluid accumulation causing distension of the capsule, (d) Central opening in the posterior capsule with no fluid accumulation after Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy, (e) AS-OCT after Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy showing fluid free clear posterior capsule

In delayed capsular bag distension syndrome (CBDS), there is accumulation of turbid fluid in the capsular bag behind the IOL.[12] Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy is a noninvasive safe technique to drain the fluid into the vitreous cavity.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

1. Das K. Delayed capsular bag distension syndrome Oman J Ophthalmol. 2010;3:155–6
2. Wendrix G, Zehen T. Late-onset capsular bag distension syndrome after cataract surgery: 2 case reports Bull SocBelgeOphtalmol. 2006:67–9
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