Care for cancer during COVID-19 pandemic : Indian Journal of Medical Research

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Programme: Correspondence

Care for cancer during COVID-19 pandemic

Roy, Manas Pratim

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Indian Journal of Medical Research: May–Jun 2022 - Volume 155 - Issue 5&6 - p 510-511
doi: 10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_494_22
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Sir,

The article by Sahoo et al1 is appropriate in the context of sustaining routine healthcare during the pandemic. While the study was limited to 49 cancer patients only, with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), the overwhelming fact was still evident - the pandemic deteriorated the care received by cancer patients. To re-emphasize, cancer is responsible for 8.3 per cent of deaths in India2. During the pandemic, on the one hand, there was a fear of contracting COVID-19 and higher vulnerability due to immunosuppressive state, and there were lockdown and other restrictions on the other hand3. Limited availability of telemedicine restricted the care-seeking behaviour of chronic patients, particularly cancer. Unlike diabetes and hypertension, where home-based monitoring was a feasible option, cancer patients needed to depend on tertiary care hospitals for their care. If we add financial uncertainties imposed by social restrictions, the balance probably got tilted towards out-of-pocket expenditure. Shifting a major portion of working doctors towards COVID-19 would, for obvious reasons, reduce the number of doctors looking after cancer and chemotherapy. The unwanted delay in care possibly resulted in chemotherapy received irregularly, postponement in the initiation of therapy and resultant advancement of cancer from a curable stage to an incurable one, in some cases which might potentially change a curative approach to a palliative one3-6.

To summarize, there is a need for an in-depth study, preferably pan-national, to understand the magnitude of the problems faced by cancer patients during this pandemic. It would help us in identifying the areas where we could improvise and provide better care if similar situation arises in the future.

Conflicts of Interest: None.

References

1. Sahoo KC, Kanungo S, Mahapatra P, Pati S Non-communicable diseases care during COVID-19 pandemic:A mixed-method study in Khurda district of Odisha, India Indian J Med Res 2021 153 649 57
2. Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation India: Health of the Nation's States –The India State-level disease burden initiative New Delhi, India ICMR, PHFI, and IHME 2017
3. Editorial COVID-19:Global consequences for oncology Lancet Oncol 2020 21 467
4. Mo A, Chung J, Eichler J, Yukelis S, Feldman S, Fox J, et al. Breast cancer survivorship care during the COVID-19 pandemic within an urban New York Hospital System Breast 2021 59 301 7
5. Pareek A, Patel AA, Harshavardhan A, Kuttikat PG, Pendse S, Dhyani A, et al. Impact of nationwide lockdown on cancer care during COVID-19 pandemic:A retrospective analysis from western India Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 15 102131
6. Ning MS, McAleer MF, Jeter MD, Minsky BD, Ghafar RA, Robinson IJ, et al. Mitigating the impact of COVID-19 on oncology:Clinical and operational lessons from a prospective radiation oncology cohort tested for COVID-19 Radiother Oncol 2020 148 252 7
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