Lice infestation is a common health issue affecting 6 to 12 million school-age children in the United States each year, impacting all members of the household. The home care nurse can be a valuable resource in the management of lice in the home and can assist the family in understanding the various myths and misconceptions about lice. This article provides an overview of lice management, including identification and treatment of a lice infestation as well as recommendations for environmental control strategies in the home. It includes an overview of the various over-the-counter and prescription treatment options and highlights the social stigma that is often associated with a lice infestation.
Elaine Webber, DNP, PPCNP-BC, IBCLC, is a Clinical Associate Professor, McAuley School of Nursing, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.
Sherry McConnell, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Instructor, McAuley School of Nursing, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Address for correspondence: Elaine Webber, DNP, PPCNP-BC, IBCLC, University of Detroit Mercy, McAuley School of Nursing, 4001 W. McNichols Detroit, MI 48221 (firstname.lastname@example.org).