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Factors Attracting and Keeping Nurses in Home Care

Anthony, Ann BSN, MS; Milone-Nuzzo, Paula RN, PhD, FHHC, FAAN

Home Healthcare Nurse: The Journal for the Home Care and Hospice Professional: June 2005 - Volume 23 - Issue 6 - p 372-377

The nursing shortage relates not only to recruiting nurses into the profession but also retaining nurses in practice. Although several studies have examined nurse retention in general, few have addressed retention as a home care issue. This descriptive study identifies factors that attracted nurses to home care and factors that contributed to job satisfaction and dissatisfaction in the state of Connecticut. These findings provide insights to home care agencies on issues that should be addressed to reduce turnover and improve retention in home care.

Ann Anthony, BSN, MS, is Director of Program Development, Connecticut Association for Home Care, Wallingford, Connecticut.

Paula Milone-Nuzzo, RN, PhD, FHHC, FAAN, is Professor and Director, School of Nursing, Associate Dean for International Partnerships, College of Health and Human Development, The Pennsylvania State University, East University Park, PA 15802.

The authors acknowledge the many contributions from the following members of the Connecticut Association for Home Care, Ad Hoc Nursing Shortage Committee, who were instrumental in the design of the survey tool and in the analysis of the data: Susan F. Adams, RN, BSN, PhD, VP, Provider Relations, VNA of South Central Connecticut, New Haven, CT; Joanne Dymitruk, MSN, MBA, Vice President of Clinical Services, VNA of Southeastern Connecticut, Waterford, CT; Cynthia Oatley, RN, BSN, Quality and Reimbursement Coordinator, Day Kimball Hospital Home Care, Putnam, CT; Brian A. Carney, CPA, Director of Finance, Danbury Visiting Nurses Association, Danbury, CT; Sara Prattson, MS, Human Resources Management and Certified Compensation, Professional, Director Human Resources, VNA of Central Connecticut, New Britain, CT. The authors also thank Monica Godbout, Director of Membership, Connecticut Association for Home Care, who prepared the graphic illustrations.

The authors of this article have no significant ties, financial or otherwise, to any company that might have an interest in the publication of this educational activity.

Address correspondence to: Ann Anthony, BSN, MS, 110 Barnes Road, PO Box 90, Wallingford, CT 06492 (

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.