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Auricular Acupressure and Positive Group Psychotherapy With Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation

Lee, Eun Jin PhD

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000333

Each year, 40% to 60% of smokers try to quit, but smoking cessation success rate for 1 year was 1% to 9% without professional help and 7% to 40% with professional help. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of group counseling with auricular acupressure on smoking cessation and tobacco withdrawal symptoms. This study is a randomized controlled trial. This study was performed at a university in South Korea. Fifty-five smokers were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group 1 (auricular acupressure + counseling), group 2 (placebo acupressure + counseling), and the control group (self-help smoking cessation). Group counseling and auricular acupressure were undertaken once a week for 6 weeks. The smoking cessation rate in group 1 for 1 year was significantly higher than that in group 2 and the control group (22.2%, 5.3%, and 5.6%, respectively). Tobacco withdrawal symptom scores were significantly decreased in group 1 compared with that in group 2 over 6 weeks (F = 3.2, P = .025). Auricular acupressure with group counseling was effective and group counseling alone was not effective for 1-year smoking cessation.

Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Correspondence: Eun Jin Lee, PhD, Department of Nursing, Inha University, 100 Inharo Michuholgu, Incheon, 22212, Republic of Korea (

Eun Jin Lee received a grant (2014002505) from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF).

The author declared no potential conflicts of interests with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

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