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Incivility Across the Nursing Continuum

Lynette, Jones MSN, RN; Echevarria, Ilia MSN, RN; Sun, Emily SN; Ryan, Jane Greene PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000167

Incivility affects nurses throughout education and practice; it directly affects patient safety as well as nurses' decisions to remain in academia and clinical practice. This article reviews the current literature on incivility and proposes the application of social learning theory to evidence-based strategies that can be implemented to combat incivility.

Cooper University Healthcare, Camden, New Jersey (Mr Lynette, Ms Echevarria, and Dr Ryan); and Drexel College of Nursing and Health Professions, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Ms Sun).

Correspondence: Jane Greene Ryan, PhD, RN, Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions, 245 N. 15th St, Philadelphia, PA 19102 (

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

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