FEATURESThe Effect of Self-Care Program Based on Modeling and Role Modeling Theory on Body Image Nurturance in Patients With Colorectal Cancer A Randomized Clinical TrialPakzad Khalilabad, Roya MSc, RN; Aghebati, Nahid PhD; Behnam Vashani, Hamid Reza MScAuthor Information Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhahd, Iran (Ms Pakzad Khalilabad, Dr Aghebati, and Mr Behnam Vashani); and Department of Medical Surgical Nursing (Ms Pakzad Khalilabad and Dr Aghebati), and Pediatric Nursing (Mr Behnam Vashani), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Correspondence: Nahid Aghebati, PhD, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran (email@example.com). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. This research was extracted from an MS thesis in nursing approved by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (No. IR.MUMS.REC.1396, 90) and registered and confirmed by Iran Clinical Trials Center (No. IRCT2017061934623N1). The researchers would like to express their gratitude to the university's research duty center for the financial supports. We also thank all professors at the Nursing and Midwifery Department at Mashhad University, Imam Reza Hospital staff in Mashhad, surgery ward authorities in Qa'em Hospital, and the study participants. Holistic Nursing Practice: July/August 2020 - Volume 34 - Issue 4 - p 199-209 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000390 Buy Metrics Abstract One of the most critical disorders among patients with colorectal cancer is a change in their body image. This study aimed to examine the effect of a self-care program based on the modeling and role-modeling theory on nurturing body image of patients with colorectal cancer. In 2018, a 2-group randomized clinical trial was conducted in Mashhad, Iran. According to the modeling and role-modeling theory, 27 patients allocated in the experimental group received five 30- to 45-minute sessions at the hospital and 4 sessions of phone counseling within 2 weeks. Twenty-seven patients randomly allocated in the control group received the routine care. Data were collected by demographic and body image scales 3 times with the patients. The mean age of the patients in experimental and control groups was not significantly different (P = .46). The mean scores of the body image at the admission time were 26.8 ± 2.6 in the experimental and 27.9 ± 3.1 in control groups (P = .12). However, the mean scores of body image of the experimental group were 24.3 ± 4.6 at the discharge time and 28.1 ± 2.1 during the follow-up phase. In the control group, the body image scores were 21.0 ± 5.6 at discharge time and 22.9 ± 6.1 during the follow-up phase. Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed significant differences between the 2 groups (P ≤ .001). Application of the self-care program based on the modeling and role-modeling theory can play a critical role in nurturing the body image of patients with colorectal cancer. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.