FEATURESNonmedical Interventions for Schizophrenia A Review of Diet, Exercise, and Social RolesHelman, Daniel S. PhDAuthor Information Faculty of Labor Relations and Trade Unions, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Correspondence: Daniel S. Helman, PhD, Faculty of Labor Relations and Trade Unions, Ton Duc Thang University, 19 Nguyen Huu Tho, Tan Phong, Quan 7, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam ([email protected]). This article grew out of the author's personal experiences with schizophrenia and its recovery from 1989 to 2006 in Southern California and is based, in part, on the many community resources that were available there at the time. It took shape in the course “Writing for Science, Social Science and Technology” taught by Gillian Kemper at California State University Long Beach, while the author pursued an MS degree in geology, and for the course “Modes of Inquiry” taught by Dr Joan Clingan at Prescott College, while the author pursued a PhD in sustainability education. Love always to my parents.The author has disclosed that he has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Holistic Nursing Practice: March/April 2020 - Volume 34 - Issue 2 - p 73-82 doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000369 Buy Metrics Abstract Schizophrenia is a major mental illness with a disease course that is influenced by lifestyle. The risk-benefit ratio for alternative interventions is more favorable than for antipsychotics in long-term treatment. Dietary interventions may target autoimmune features, vitamin or mineral deficiencies, abnormal lipid metabolism, gluten sensitivity, or others. Examples of interventions involving diet, physical activity, or physical processes or social interventions including talk therapy exist in the literature. Notwithstanding, the general utility of these types of interventions remains inconclusive, awaiting long-term randomized trials. A perspective that separates the cause of the disease from its symptoms may be helpful in treatment planning and is warranted to distinguish between short-term and long-term recovery goals. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.